[UPDATE: 5:03 PM Oct. 20, 2011 - Dianna Cotter's report "JustiaGate" appears at Examiner.com]
New evidence conclusively establishes that 25 U.S. Supreme Court opinions were sabotaged then republished at Justia.com during the run up to the ’08 election. My prior report documented the scrubbing of just two cases. But last week, a third sabotaged case was discovered which led to a thorough examination of all US Supreme Court cases which cite “Minor v. Happersett” as they appeared on Justia.com between 2006 and the present.
Since Justia placed affirmations on each tampered opinion which state “Full Text of Case”, personnel may also be guilty of violating 18 U.S.C. 1018 by intentionally passing off tampered versions of US Supreme Court opinions as if they were official versions published by the US Supreme Court.
At this point, we do not know who committed these acts of sabotage. Since neither Obama nor McCain meet the Supreme Court’s definition of a “natural-born citizen” in Minor v. Happersett, the deception might have been undertaken on behalf of either one.
Regardless of who you supported in 2008, or whether you agree with the assertion of Minor’s relevance, every American should be outraged that 25 Supreme Court cases were surgically sabotaged and then passed off to the public as if the tampered versions contained the “Full Text of Case”. This is the very definition of “Orwellian” fascism. It’s propaganda. And there is no place for it in the United States. The sacrifices for truth and justice which created and have sustained this nation are wantonly debased by the subversive deception emanating from Justia.com servers.
We do not know at this point if Justia personnel were behind this or if their site was hacked. That being said, Justia’s reaction to my last report mirrored the deception of the sabotage. Instead of addressing the proof, Justia quietly and with stealth un-scrubbed the evidence without acknowledging or addressing the issue at all. And they placed “.txt robots” on their URL’s for the two previously identified cases so the Wayback Machine could no longer provide historical snapshots of those cases as published at Justia.
TWO LAYERS OF SABOTAGE
In all 25 instances of tampering, the case name “Minor v. Happersett” was removed from Justia’s publication of each SCOTUS opinion which cited to it. Anyone searching for cases citing Minor at Justia or Google were led into a maze of confusion. In some instances, not only was the case name scrubbed, the numerical citation was also removed along with whole sentences of text.
But the deception goes deeper still. There are three official citations for Minor. v. Happersett: 88 U.S. 162, 21 Wall. 162, and 22 L. Ed. 627. Researchers will either search for the case by name, or by any of these three citations. Since it is common for legal researchers to query both the name of the case and/or the official numerical citation, these opinions were tampered for both.
In Kansas v. Colorado, Kepner v. U.S., Schick v. U.S., and South Carolina v. U.S., the citation left behind after scrubbing was “88 U.S. 422″. In Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization, the citation left behind was 88 U.S. 448. Minor officially begins at 88 U.S. 162 and finishes at 88 U.S. 178. So 88 U.S. 422, and 448 are completely bogus. (See collage of screenshots.) The other 20 cases cite to actual pages in Minor, but not to the official citations. While Justia linked from the bogus citations back to the first page of Minor, anyone searching for US Supreme Court cases citing Minor by querying the official citations would have been thwarted.
This further establishes that the sabotage undertaken at Justia was surgically precise. The reality that both candidates eligibility was questionable according to Minor v. Happersett appears to have been known and handled by somebody’s legal team. However, Justia CEO Tim Stanley was associated with “Obama For America 2008″. (Dianna Cotter’s article will take a closer look at Tim Stanley.)
RECAP OF PREVIOUS REPORT
On July 1, 2011 I published a report: “Justia.com Caught red Handed Hiding references To Minor v. Happersett In Published US Supreme Court Opinions“. The article featured screenshots and links to the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine which chronicled tampering with two US Supreme Court opinions, Boyd v. Nebraska and Pope v. Williams. Both cases cite to Minor v. Happersett, the only US Supreme Court decision to directly construe the natural-born citizen clause in relation to a citizenship issue. The Court’s unanimous opinion in Minor defines those born in the US to citizen parents as natural-born citizens:
“The Constitution does not in words say who shall be natural-born citizens. Resort must be had elsewhere to ascertain that. At common law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the Constitution were familiar, it was never doubted that all children born in a country of parents who were its citizens became themselves, upon their birth, citizens also. These were natives or natural-born citizens, as distinguished from aliens or foreigners.” (Emphasis added.)
McCain clearly does not meet the definition since he was born in Panama. And since Obama’s father was never a US citizen, the current POTUS doesn’t meet the Supreme Court’s definition of a natural-born citizen either. Minor v. Happersett has, therefore, been the subject of an intense disinformation campaign. Falsehoods about the case have been widely spread. The two most flagrant are:
1) that Minor was only a voting rights case – not a citizenship case – and therefore the Court’s discussion of federal citizenship was dictum and not precedent
2) that Minor was overruled by the 19th Amendment
Both criticisms are false. Unfortunately, many of the Supreme Court cases which cite to Minor as precedent on citizenship were scrubbed by Justia along with other cases that continued citing Minor as good law on voting rights issues well after the adoption of the 19th Amendment. As you will see from the holding in a Supreme Court opinion from 1980, the contention that Minor was overruled by the 19th Amendment is false.
PATTERN OF JUSTIA SUBTERFUGE
The tampering exhibits a very noticeable pattern. Below, I will include screenshots as well as links to the Wayback Machine which illustrate this pattern clearly.
In most of the cases scrubbed at Justia, the Wayback Machine evidence shows that the very first snapshots taken of Justia URL’s for these cases was in 2006, with a couple of snapshots taken in early 2007. In all of the cases, the first snapshots exhibit that Justia originally published the cases correctly as they appear in the official US Supreme Court reporters. However, by November 2008, all 25 opinions had been sabotaged.
Some cases scrubbed the words “Minor v. Happersett” every time they appeared, and some left it in one time, but removed it in other places. References to The Slaughterhouse Cases, Scott v. Sandford, and Osborn v. Bank of United States (citizenship cases which prove troublesome for Obama’s eligibility) were also scrubbed along with full sentences from majority opinions (as was done in Pope v. Williams), and dissents (as was done in U.S. v. Wong Km Ark). The scrubbing was surgically precise as to the issue of POTUS eligibility. The Wayback Machine snapshots prove that the tampering stayed in effect through the final snapshots taken in 2010.
RECAP OF MY INITIAL REPORT REGARDING “BOYD v. NEBRASKA” and “POPE v. WILLIAMS.“
After I published the first report on July 1, 2011, the Boyd and Pope cases were un-scrubbed at Justia so that Minor v. Happersett was reinstated to each opinion, and the citations were corrected. The other 23 cases, known only to the sabateur(s), were also un-scrubbed. Perhaps they thought nobody would ever discover the depth of the operation, because they failed to place blocking robots on the other 23 cases. This allowed us to look back into history and see the tampering unfold for each case on the Wayback timeline.
The initial report documented that Justia.com had removed the case name, “Minor v. Happersett” from its published opinions of Boyd and Pope. The report also documented that, in the Pope opinion at Justia, full sentences discussing Minor v. Happersett were removed thereby changing – not only the citations in the case – but also the Court’s stated opinion.
Within an hour after I published that report, Justia.com had re-instated the opinions to include the missing references to Minor and the missing text without commenting or noting the revisions. Justia then further covered the trail of deceit by placing robots on their URL’s for Boyd v. Nebraska, and Pope v. Williams, so that access to the Wayback Machine’s snapshots is no longer possible for those cases. (Should they now scrub the robots, here are screenshots for Justia’s Boyd and Pope opinions which show the robot blocking.)
Justia’s stated mission is as follows:
To advance the availability of legal resources for the benefit of society.”
Justia CEO and founder, Tim Stanley, is known as a leading light advocating for freedom of legal information on the web. Stanley was also the founder of Findlaw, which he sold to West Publishing for $37 million. So, what’s good for the goose should be good for the gander, and therefore Stanley is the last person who should be using robots to hide previous versions of Supreme Court cases (which are in the public domain anyway).
I haven’t spoken to Tim Stanley or anyone else at Justia. I did not think it prudent, seeing as how Justia tried to cover their tracks after my last report, to contact them prior to releasing the rest of the evidence I gathered from the Wayback Machine. I needed to publish before they could place robots on the URL’s for the other 23 tampered opinions.
OTHER BLOGGERS ARE COMING TO THE STORY.
Other bloggers following the developments discussed herein will be contacting Justia.com in the days ahead as this story develops. I held back on publishing this follow-up so I could enlist the help of these other bloggers and journalists who have already viewed the evidence. Dianna Cotter, who has published articles for Accuracy In Media and Examiner.com, has documented everything, and she has worked closely with me in the days leading up to this report. She will publish a follow-up later today at Examiner.com.
Furthermore, whoever was responsible for placing the robots on Boyd and Pope at Justia should know that Dianna Cotter and I have forwarded and discussed the information published below with writers at The Washington Times, Accuracy In Media, Free Republic and many other publications.
I have also forwarded evidence of the tampering (screenshots, Wayback Machine URLs and downloaded HTML for each Wayback snapshot) to Cindy Simpson (who published an article yesterday at American Thinker which discusses Minor v. Happersett). I have also shared the evidence with attorney Mario Apuzzo who is writing an analysis of Justia’s sabotage of Wong Kim Ark, a case which was subjected to multiple instances of tampering by Justia. (I will update my report with links to the reports of Dianna Cotter and Mario Apuzzo when they are published later today.)
I reached out to people I trusted before publishing so that all of the evidence could be documented by multiple sources, media publications and attorneys. The evidence has been viewed and documented by so many sources now that any attempt by Justia to block it, the way that it blocked the evidence of my first report, will be futile. This tampering happened at Justia.com. That is a fact. The questions which need to be answered now are who ordered it and who carried out the subversive plot.
Additionally, the US Supreme Court’s Public Information Office was forwarded the evidence. I have personally spoken with one staffer and one official there. Dianna Cotter has also been in contact with the SCOTUS PIO.
TAMPERING WITH OFFICIAL WRITINGS IS A CRIME UNDER 18 U.S.C. 1018.
§1018. Official certificates or writings
Whoever, being a public officer or other person authorized by any law of the United States to make or give a certificate or other writing, knowingly makes and delivers as true such a certificate or writing, containing any statement which he knows to be false, in a case where the punishment thereof is not elsewhere expressly provided by law, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
Each of the 25 instances of tampering carries a maximum sentence of one year in prison. There are 25 possible counts, so the saboteur(s) could potentially face serious prison time. And there may be other relevant criminal violations as well.
FALLOUT UPON THE REST OF THE ELECTRONIC LEGAL PUBLISHING COMMUNITY
Not only were those who consulted Justia for these cases defrauded, this behavior has also cast doubt upon the entire enterprise of electronic legal publishing. The other bloggers I have shared the evidence with are rounding up interviews with heavyweights in the legal publishing field, including West (who has previously sued Justia CEO Tim Stanley).
Furthermore, the American Association of Law Libraries (AALLNET) have been notified and are discussing the issue with Dianna Cotter.
I imagine the American Bar Association will not be pleased and that Tim Stanley, if he is behind this, could be disbarred in California and the federal courts.
LURIA v. US
Let’s begin with Luria v. US, 231 U.S. 9 (1913). This was the first case I found after Boyd and Pope which exhibited definite tampering. The quote which drew my attention is this:
Here we have a direct citation to Minor v. Happersett as precedent by the Supreme Court… 15 years after Wong Kim Ark was decided. Furthermore, voting is not mentioned anywhere in the opinion. This is another important case which bears witness to Minor as authority on federal citizenship. Last week, when I checked the current page for Luria at Justia, it contained the reference to Minor.
I then went to the Wayback Machine and plugged in the Justia URL for Luria. It returned a calendar with nine snapshots of Luria ranging from Nov. 4, 2006 through April 13, 2010. Mimicking the pattern for all 25 cases, the Nov. 4, 2006 snapshot is not tampered with. All of the snapshots prior to the one for July 6, 2008 are also not scrubbed. But the snapshot for July 6, 2008 has been tampered with.
“Minor v. Happersett” was removed along with the reference to “Osborn v. Bank of United States”, another important opinion in the lineage leading through Minor to Luria.
Minor and Osborn are missing. Furthermore, the remaining numerical citation does not indicate any of the three official citations for Minor, nor does the point stated in the quote appear at 88 U.S. 165.
The tampering persists in all Wayback Machine snapshots following July 6, 2008 through the final snapshot taken by the Wayback Machine on April 13, 2010.
To make the progression of the tampering with Luria v. U.S. easier to follow, I have prepared a collage of the relevant screenshots from 2006 to the present. Additionally, here are full screenshots for each date discussed above as to the Luria tampering:
screenshot of LURIA v. U.S. on Nov 4, 2006 – Minor and Osborn are there
screenshot of LURIA v. U.S. on July 6, 2008 – Minor and Osborn are missing
screenshot of LURIA v. U.S. on April 13, 2010 – Minor and Osborn are still missing
LURIA as published at Justia today (October 19, 2011) – Minor and Osborn are back................MORE