Viernes, 08 de octubre de 2010

Translation from a machine of french words? only in the previous post.

FULL ARTICLE AT http://puzo1.blogspot.com/


Found in the

Library off Congresses Website Yew you look At Article III in the body off the text below, you will see, the consuls and vice respective consuls could be taken only among the natural subjects of the power which will name them. All will be sharpened by their respective sovereign, and they will be able consequently to make any traffic or trades unspecified neither for their own account, nor for the account of others. Going down further to the end you will find under number 3, The respective Consuls and Vice Consuls shall only Be taken from among the natural born subjects off the power nominating them. They shall all Be appointed by to their respective Sovereign, and in Consequence off such appointment they shall not exercise any traffic gold trades whatsoever either one to their own account, but one account off any other Translation by Charles Thomson secretary off the Continental Congress This is pretty convincing proof that the framers did not need to wait off for the translated edition Vattel' S Law off Nations. It appears they were well apt to relocates it themselves. This accepted translation off natural, predates John Jay' S letter to George Washington by 6 years. From the Library off Journals Congress off the Continental Congress, 1774-1789
FRIDAY, JULY 27,1781 Page 792 | Image page
Link to date-related documents. With honourable memorial from the. the Minister off France was read, accompanied with the plane off has convention for regulating the powers and duties off consuls and vice consuls. MEMORY Philadelphia, July 26,1781. The twenty-ninth article off the treaty off amity and trade, between his Most Christian Majesty and the United States, reserves to the two contracting powers ?the liberty off having each in the ports off the other, consuls, vice consuls, agents and commissaries, whose functions shall Be regulated by has particular agreement.? In consequence off this stipulation, the Court off Versailles has caused has draft to Be made off has convention, relative off to the Establishment consuls, which the undersigned minister plenipotentiary off France has the honour to communicate to Congress. It is the desired off his Majesty, that this draft should Be examined by Congress; and those points marked which admitted No difficulty off; and that the others should Be submitted to the examination off delegates appointed by both left, who may make such observations ace they shall judge proper, and proposes such deteriorations ace they may think convenient. Thesis objects will require discussion in repeated conferences; and the undersigned intreats that given Congress would in what manner thesis conferences shall Be held. The proposed convention requires the most mature consideration off both left; while At the same time it is equally the interest off both, with all speed, to introduce consistency and uniformity into to their respective commercial Establishments; and the undersigned is off opinion that Congress will think it Page 793 | Image page

necessary to prosecute this possible business with all despatch. (Signed) Chev. of Luzerne.1 [Note 1:1 This version is taken from the printed Secret Newspaper, Foreign Affairs; it is also printed in the Diplomatic Correspondence off the American Revolution (Wharton), IV, 604. Another translation is in the Papers off the Continental Congress, No 25, II, folio 17.] Draft convention enters King Tr?s Ch?rtien, and the United States of America Septentrionale, with the effect to determine and fix the functions and prerogatives of the Consuls, Vice Consuls, and of Agens respective. The very Christian king, and the United States of America Septentrionale, being granted, mutually, by article 29 of the treaty of friendship and trade concluded between them, faculty to hold in their respective states, of the consuls, vice consuls, and of the agens, and consequently wanting to determine, and fix in a way reciprocal and permanent the functions and prerogatives of the known as consuls, vice consuls, and respective agens, it was agreed what follows. ARTICLE I consuls, and vice consuls named by the very Christian king, and the United States, will be held to present their provisions to their artiv?e in their respective states. One will deliver to them, without no expenses, the exequatur necessary to the performance of their duties and on the exhibition which they will make of known as the exequatur, the governors, pr?sidens, commandans, chiefs of justice, the bodies of the courts or other officers, taking place authority in the ports and of their consulates, will make there enjoys, at once, and without difficulty, of preeminences, authority and privileges reciprocally granted without them being able Page 794 | Image page

to require known as consuls, and vice consuls no right under any unspecified pretext. ARTICLE II the respective consuls will have faculty to establish vice consuls in the diff?rens ports and places of their department or the need will require it. One will also deliver the exequatur necessary to them to the performance of their duties and on the exhibition which they will make of known as the exequatur they will be admitted and recognized in the terms and according to the capacities, authority and privileges stipulated by articles 1,5, and 6, of this convention. ARTICLE III the consuls and vice respective consuls could be taken only among the natural subjects of the power which will name them. All will be sharpened by their respective sovereign, and they will be able consequently to make any traffic or trades unspecified neither for their own account, nor for the account of others. ARTICLE IV the respective consuls will be able to establish agens in the diff?rens ports and places of their department, where the need will require it. The agens could be selected parrot the national or foreign n?gocians and taunts of patents of the one of the known as consuls; they will be respectively contained to return to the respective commer?ans, navigators, and the possible batimens, all services and to inform the consul or vice consul nearest to the needs for known as the commer?ans, navigators and batimens, without known as the agens being able differently to take part Page 795 | Image page

with immunities, rights and preferences allotted to the consuls and to vice consuls by present convention. ARTICLE V the consuls and vice consuls, the officers of the consulate, and generally all the people attached to the consular functions will enjoy respectively full and whole immunity for their people, their papers, and their houses. They will be free from any personal service and public offices, housing of people of war, militia, guet, guard, supervision, trusteeship, as well as straight, taxes, impositions, unspecified loads, out the goods funds, of which they will be owners, which will be fixed with the taxation imposed of the goods of all other private individuals. They will be able to make place on the door external of their house the weapons of their sovereign, without however that this distinctive mark can give to say it house the right of azile for any criminal or criminal so that IE arriving case or no criminal or criminal would take refuge there it will be returned on the field with the first requisition and without difficulty. ARTICLE VI the consuls or the vice respective consuls, in the places or it will not have there consuls will be able to have in their house a vault to celebrate there the divine service, and the very Christian king as well as the United States, will give precise and effective orders in the ports and places of their domination so that it is not brought any delay nor prevention at the time of the ceremony, of funerals and funeral of the subjects of the one of the two nations, which will have died in the extent of the grounds of the other. Page 796 | Page image ARTICLE VII In all the generally unspecified cases concerning the police force or the administration of justice, or it will be necessary to have a legal declaration of the consuls and vice respective consuls, the governor, the commander, the chief of justice, the bodies of the courts or other unspecified officers of their respective residence having authority there, will be held to prevent them in their writing, or in their sending a military or civil officer, to make them conno?tre, is the object which one proposes is the need in which one is outward journey on their premises to ask them for this declaration, and the known as consuls, or defect consuls will be held on their side to lend itself honestly so that one will wish them in these occasions. ARTICLE VIII the consuls, and vice respective consuls, will be able to establish a chancellery or will be deposited the consular acts and d?1iberations, all the effects forsaken by late, or saved shipwrecks, as well as the testamens, obligations, contracts, and generally all the acts and procedures made, between their nationals. They will be able consequently to make with the exercise to say it chancellery of the able people to receive them; their to make lend oath, give them the Minister of Justice, and the right to seal the commissions, jugemens, and other acts of the consular, like fulfilling the functions there of notaries and clerks. ARTICLE IX. The consuls, and vice respective consuls will have the exclusive right receive in their chancellery, or access Page 797 | Image page

b?timens, the d?clarations and all the other acts, that the captains, momentary owners, crews, and n?gotians, of their nation, will want to pass there, even them testamens and other provisions of last will, and forwardings of the known as acts duement legalized by the known as consuls or vice consuls and provided with the seal of their consulate will be taken, in justice, in all the courts of France, and of the United States. They will have also, and exclusively, the right to make an inventory, liquidation, and to proceed to the sale of the movable effects of the succcession of the subjects of their nation which will come to die in the respective states. They will proceed to it with the assistance of two n?gotians of their known as nation, their choice, and will make deposit in their chancellery the effects, and papers, of the known as successions, without none the military officers, justice, or police force, the country being able to disturb there, nor to intervene there in some manner that it either: But known as consuls and vice consuls will be able to make d?ivrance, of successions and of their product with heirs legitimate where with their agents, that after having made discharge all the debts that the late ones could have contracted in the country by judgement, acts, or tickets whose writing and signature will be recognized and certified, by two notable n?gotians of the nation of known as late, and in all other cases the payment of the debts could be ordnn? only by giving, by the creditor, guarantee sufficient, and domiciled to return the sums indu?ment per?ues, the main thing, inter?ts, and expenses, which guarantees however, will remain du?ment discharged apr?s one year in terns from peace, and two in terns of war; if the demand for discharge cannot be formed before these d?1ais against the heirs who if will present. Page 798 | Page image ARTICLE X the consuls and vice respective consuls, will receive the declarations, and the consulates of all captains and owners of their respective nation, for reason of damages wiped with the sea by voyes of water or jets of goods, even when there are foreign n?gotians interested in the cargo; or these captains and owners will give in the chancellery of the known as consuls and vice consuls the consulates which they will have made in other ports for the accidens, which will be to them arrive during their voyage; and in both cases, the known as consuls and vice respective consuls, will regulate the damage without delay by experts, of their nation which they will name of office; and by experts of part of their nation and the other from abroad in the case or a foreigner will be interested in the cargo. ARTICLE XI In the case or per storm, or another accident, of the vessels or batimens Fran?ois will ?ch?ueront on the coasts of the United States, and of the vessels or batimens of the United States will ech?ueront on the coasts of France, the consul or the vice consul nearest to the place of shipwreck will be able to do all that he will consider so much conyenable to save says it vessel or building, his loading and memberships, which for the magazinage and the safety of the saved effects and goods: He will be able to make of it an inventory without no military officers, of the customs, justice, or the police force of the country being able to involve themselves there differently than to facilitate to the consuls, and vice consuls, captain and crew of the vessel shipwrecked man, or failed, all the helps and favours that they will ask them, either for the celerity and the safety of the rescue, and the saved effects, or to avoid the disorders which Page 799 | Image page

only too often these accidents accompany. To prevent even all esp?ce conflict and of discussion in the known as cases of shipwreck, it was agreed, that at the time it will not be consul or vice consul for fairs to work with the rescue, or that the residence of the known as consul or vice consul who will not be on the place of the shipwreck, will be further away from the known as place than that of the qualified territorial judge, this last will make there proceed on the field with any celerity, the safety and the precautions prescribed by the respective loix, except with the known as territorial judge withdrawing itself; the consul or vice occurring consul, and to give the made procedures by him to him, whose consul or vice consul will make him refund the expenses. The saved goods will have to be deposited with the nearest customs with the inventory which will have been drawn up by it by the consul or vice consul, or in their absence by the judge who will have known some; for, them known as goods, being then delivered, after pr?1evement of the expenses and without form of lawsuit to the owners, who provided with the hand raised with the consul or the vice nearest consul will claim them by them same or their agents; that is to say to defer the goods, and in this case they will not pay any esp?ce export duty; that is to say to sell them in the country, if they are not prohibited there, and in this case, them known as goods being damaged one will grant a moderation to them on the import duties proportioned to the suffered damage, which will be noted by the verbal proc? drawn up at the time of the shipwreck and the failure. ARTICLE XII consuls and vice consuls of the very Christian king, established in the United States, and the consuls and vice consuls of the United States established in France, will exert the police force there on Page 800 | Image page

all the batimens their respective nations and will have access of said the batimens all to be able and jurisdiction in all the discussions which will be able to occur there. They will have a enti?re inspection on known as the batimens, their crews, the changemens, and the remplacemens there to be made, as for all that will relate to their navigation, and the observation of their loix, ordinances, r?glemens respective. They pourfont to be transported access of the batimens of their nation arriving in the ports, harbours or insipid respective, and this as often as they will judge it apropos for the receipt of their load without no officers of the customs, of police force, or others can prevent some. They will be able to make stop any building carrying the house of their respective nation, make it sequester, and even, return it respectively France in the United States and of the United States to France, and make stop without difficulty any captain owner, sailor or passenger to tell them respective nation. They will be able to claim the sailors, deserters, and the vagrants of their respective nation, to make them stop and hold in the country or to return them and make transport out of the country. It will be enough that the consuls or vice respective consuls, can justify that these sailors, deserters and vagrants of such nation that they can be besides, are registered, on their register or are related to the role of the crew, and one or the other of these two parts being sufficient to found the validity of the complaint, detention, and the deportation of the known as sailors, deserters, and vagrants, none iceux, Fran?ois or American will even be able in the respective countries by him or others to claim the loix or the local authority, prohibiting on this any connoissance with all unspecified courts, judges and officers. In all these cases, the known as sailors, deserters and vagrants will be Page 801 | Image page

given to claiming, some are their engagements, and they will be able to become committed, retained or withdrawn in no mani?re unspecified and by which it is, national or foreigners with the searching that the known as consuls or vice consuls, will make some make by people authorized by them and responsible for a requisition signed of them; and for the execution of all the provisions this top the governors, commandans, chiefs of justice, the bodies of the courts or other officers of the respective countries having authority there, will be held and oblige pr?ter strong hand with the consuls and vice respective consuls and on a simple requisition signed of them except making stop, hold and keep in the prisons at the disposal and the expenses of the known as consuls and vice consuls, the sailors, deserters, and the vagrants advertisements until they ayent occasion to make them embark and leave the country. And if known as sailors, deserters, and vagrants in the sight to elude their reference alliguaient that they want to turn over to their fatherland to become prone of S. m.t. C. or the United States, respectively, one will not have any regard to this assertion. ARTICLE XIII In the respective cases or subjects will have committed some crime against somebody of the habitans country, which deserves punishment to exemplair, they will be justiciable to the judges of the country. ARTICLE XIV the consuls and vice consuls of king T.C. established in the United States, and the consuls and vice consuls of the United States established in France, will conno?tront there, other than the courts of the country, of all the diff?rens and lawsuits, which could be born with ground between the captains, owners, Page 802 | Image page

crews, passengers and comm?erans of their respective nation. They will grant them amicably or will judge them summarily, and without expenses, for the call of their jugemens to be carried respectively with the courts of France and of the United States, which judges in last spring, and which will have in conno?tre. They will exert these functions of justice, private, or of police force necessary without none the military officers, justice or police force of the country, being able there to be involved and intervene there in any manner. In all the cases or it will also occur between the n?gotians Fran?ois remaining in established France, and their compatriots ous the protection of the king very chr?rien in the United States, of the diff?rens lawsuit for reason of their trade, as it will occur about it in the same way between the American n?gotians domiciled in the United States, and their compatriots cattle sheds under the protection of ETAS Linked in the royuame of France, pareillement for reason of their trade, known as the diff?rens and lawsuits will be insfruits and judged, summarily and without expenses, between them, each one by the consul or vice consul of their respective nation and the calls of the judgement carried with the respective courts which judge in last spring, either in France, or in the United States. With regard to the others diff?rens and lawsuits, which could be born between the subjects from king T.C. and those from the United States, in the respective states, either like applicants, or like defendants, ones towards the others so much at the time of the supplies, markets, traffic, which they will do units, and of the balances which will result from it, that bill of exchanges, insurances, damages, faillities and of all other civil actions, and criminal, relating to the trade, they will be carried in the country in front of the courts that will owe in conno?tre in first authority and by call, without under any pretext the consuls and vice respective consuls putssentthere to involve in any manner. Page 803 | Page image ARTICLE XV the general utility of the trade having made establish in France of the courts and the particular forms to accelerate the decision of the businesses of trade, the American n?gotians will enjoy the benefit of these ?tablissemens in France, and the United States will get equivalent advantages and coincidents with these courts and these forms in favour of the n?gotians Fran?ois in the businesses of comparable nature. ARTICLE XVI the subjects of the very Christian king, and those of the United States, which will justify being of the body of the respective nation, the certificate of the consul or vice consul of the district making mention of their names, nicknames, and of the place of their establishment like registered voters in the registers of the consulate, will not be able to lose for such cause that it is in the respective fields and states, the quality of subjects of the country in which they are originating, in accordance with article 11 of the treaty of friendship and trade of February 6, 1778, of which this article will be used as interpretation where necessary; and the known as respective subjects will enjoy, consequently, of the exemption of all personal services in the place of their establishment, and moreover, they could be there fixed with no tax relating to industry. ARTICLE XVII All stipulations Ci above founded on an exact reciprocity, will be used henceforth as rules, fixed, and invariable for all the objects, to which they relate; but if some other nation preserves or acquires with such title that it either, or under the terms of an unspecified convention, a more favorable treatment or on Page 804 | Image page

France, is in the United States, relative with the consuls, vice consuls and agens, and with their preeminences, capacities, authority and privileges, the consuls, vice consuls and agens of the very Christian king in the United States, and the consuls, vice consuls and agens of the United States in Frances will take part in it under the terms stipulated by article 11 of the known as treaty of friendship and trade concluded between the very Christian king and the United States. ARTICLE XVIII the ratifications of this convention, will be given in the fine shape and will be exchanged on both sides in the six months space, or rather if to make may be. In roy of what, &c. Conform to the original remained to ourselves. The Knight of the Alfalfa. To Philadelphia on July


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